Home

Parthenocarpic tomato fruits can be produced by

Parthenocarpic tomato fruits can be produced by providing certain concentrations of plant hormones like auxin and gibberellin in a particular ratio. Low concentrations of auxin and gibberellins are favourable for the production of parthenocarpic tomato fruits Answer Plant hormones such as auxins and or gibberellins when sprayed on flowers help to stimulate parthenocarpy in fruits. I t halts the fertilisation process and also helps the ovaries to mature without fertilisation. The process is known as artificial parthenocarpy Parthenocarpic tomato fruits can be produced by Removing androecium of flowers before pollen grains are released Treating the plants with low concentrations of gibberellic acid and auxins Raising the plants from vernalized seed

Parthenocarpic tomato fruits can be produced b

Parthenocarpic fruits are seedless. A flower is emasculated and auxins are applied to the stigma of the flower, it forms a parthenocarpic fruit. For parthenocarpy induction by auxins, these should be applied after anthesis (first opening of flower) and by gibberellins, these should be applied earlier i.e., at anthesis Parthenocarpic tomato fruits can be produced by: a) Treating the plants with low concentrations of gibberellic acids and auxins. • Tomato plant treated with the plant hormones like gibberellin and auxins, gibberellin promotes fruit set and auxins finished the developmental process. • This will result in the production of seedless tomatoes Vernalized seeds are treated at ion temperature for breaking dormancy. Phenyl Mercuric Acetate is an antitranspirant. Gibberellins and Auxins are known to induce parthenocarpy in plants. If a tomato plant is treated with a low concentration of auxin and gibberellic acid it'll produce fruits without fertilization i.e. parthenocarpic fruits Parthenocarpic tomato fruits can be produced by treating the plants with low concentration of Gibberellic acid (promotes fruit set) and auxin (completes the development process). Related Questions If fx=sin−1x+2tan−1x+x2+4x+1 then minimum value of fx Watch complete video answer for Parthenocarpic tomato fruits can be produced by of Biology Class 11th. Get FREE solutions to all questions from chapter PLANT GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

Watch complete video answer for Parthenocarpic fruits can be produced by applicatio of Biology Class 12th. Get FREE solutions to all questions from chapter Plant Growth and Movements Parthenocarpic tomato fruits can be produced by (a) treating the plants with phenylmercuric acetate (b) it forms a parthenocarpic fruit. For parthenocarpy induction by auxins, these should be. Parthenocarpic transgenic tomato plants (cv MicroTom) were obtained by the regulation of genes for auxin synthesis (iaaM) or responsiveness (rolB) driven by DefH9 or the INNER NO OUTER (INO) promoter from Arabidopsis thaliana Someone mentioned (elsewhere) that Legend is a parthenocarpic tomato that does not need to be pollinated to set fruit, so it can start producing earlier and does not drop its blossoms when it gets over 90 degrees F

Among the large number of AUX/IAAs and ARFs, Aux/IAA9 (IAA9) and ARF8 are involved in tomato fruit development to repress fruit initiation without fertilization 8, 9. Genetic parthenocarpy.. Parthenocarpic plants can set fruit without pollination, so good for hoophouse growing or production under rowcover or insect netting. Some new varieties of cucumbers and squash are parthenocarpic, and higher-priced, but some old favorites also happen to be parthenocarpic, Little Leaf pickling cucumber, for example ovaries and young fruit) induced parthenocarpy in tomato (Carmi et al., 2003). Parthenocarpic fruits have also been obtained with the silencing of SlIAA9 (before IAA4) (Wang et al., 2005) and SlARF7 (de Jong et al., 2009), and mutations in the ARF8 gene have been shown to induce parthenocarpic development in tomato (Goetz et al., 2007) Parthenocarpy (or stenospermocarpy) occasionally occurs as a mutation in nature; if it affects every flower, the plant can no longer sexually reproduce but might be able to propagate by apomixis or by vegetative means

  1. In 1936, Gustafson was the first to show that the application of a substance similar to auxin on the stigma of the tomato plant caused the ovary to develop into a seedless or parthenocarpic fruit. The stigma is the female reproductive part of the flower; it is the part that gets pollen from bees or other sources
  2. Some tomato varieties are parthenocarpic, meaning they have the ability to set fruit without pollination and fertilization. While this is an extremely valuable trait for producing tomatoes in cooler climates, it can present a frustrating challenge for seed producers
  3. In all the cases, transgenic fruits did not contain any seeds. Improved fruit set in parthenocarpic tomato plants has been previously associated with a reduction in the size and weight of tomato fruits (Mazzucato et al., 1998; Rotino et al., 2005). The smaller size of the parthenocarpic fruits might be in part due to the absence of seeds
  4. Parthenocarpic fruit development can also be achieved by exogenous treatments with plant growth regulators even under environmental conditions adverse for fruit set and growth, but these treatments often cause malformations of the tomato fruits (Serrani et al., 2008). Genetically engineered parthenocarpic
  5. The condition in which fruits are developed without the formation of seeds is called parthenocarpy. This process of fruit production was introduced in the year 1902. This is mainly due to the absence of fertilization in plants, pollination and embryo development. In botany, parthenocarpic fruit means virgin fruit
  6. Parthenocarpy is the formation of fruits without fertilization. These fruits are either non-viable or seedless. Parthenocarpic fruits produced by naturally and Artificially. Parthenocarpy or stenospermocarpy occurs as a mutation in nature occasionally

BILGIA PLANTARUM 4: 58-7, 2020 DI: 10.3215bp.2019.084 58 Overexpression of oil palm EgDREB1 in tomato decreased fruit size and produced parthenocarpic fruits A.M. AZZEME 1, S.N.A. ABDULLAH 2,3*, M.A. AZIZ 3, and P.E. MEGAT WAHAB4 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University Putra Malaysia The seedless parthenocarpic tomatoes were F1 hybrids, so they'd be propagated by crossing parent varieties and producing hybrid seeds - then the plants grown from those hybrid seeds would bear seedless tomatoes. go ahead and produce parthenocarpic seedless fruits anyway Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 78, 793797. Kataoka K, Uemachi A, Yazawa S. 2003. Fruit growth and pseudoembryo development affected by uniconazole, an inhibitor of gibberellin biosynthesis, in pat-2 and auxin-induced parthenocarpic tomato fruits. Scientia Horticulturae 98, 916. Lukyanenko AN. 1991. Parthenocarpy in tomato

Parthenocarpic fruit development requires gibberellin

Parthenocarpic tomato fruits can be produced by from

  1. Introduction It is currently accepted that fruit-set and fruit development In tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.), several geno- occur as a result of the coordinated action of growth types carrying gene(s) inducing parthenocarpy have been substances produced in the ovary after pollination and/or described (Philouze 1983, George et al. 1984.
  2. Bananas, too, are parthenocarpic and produce fruit in the absence of successful fertilization. These bananas are asexually propagated. Plant biologists have learned that if the plant hormone auxin is produced early in ovule development, parthenocarpic fruit can grow on plants that do not usually exhibit this property
  3. Parthenocarpic fruit development is a very attractive trait for growers and consumers. In tomato, three main sources of facultative parthenocarpy, pat, pat-2, pat-3/pat-4, are known to have potential applications in agriculture. The parthenocarpic fruit development in these lines is triggered by a d

One of the advantages of growing parthenocarpic tomatoes is that they can set fruit when environmental conditions are undesirable. This is particularly true in the early season that low temperature prevents fertilization. Producing summer squash without pollination - ranking varieties. Less is better: new approaches for seedless fruit production Incidence of parthenocarpic fruit, undeveloped flowers and flower abortion in tomato plants (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) were compared under optimal temperature (OT, 28/22°C day/night) and chronic, mild high temperature conditions (HT, 32/26°C).Seeded fruits were found only under OT conditions, where 37±9% of all flowers developed into seeded fruit Seeds and transplants of this promising tomato, called 'Legend,' will be available at seed companies and nurseries this spring. Legend sets fairly large fruit under the cool maritime conditions of the Pacific Northwest. Plant breeders classify tomatoes such as these as parthenocarpic, because they set fruit without fertilization A number of different strategies have been utilized to introduce parthenocarpy into tomato commercial cultivars. In this study, we evaluated three segregating populations (F2, F3, and F4) derived from conventional crossing between iaa9-3 mutant in Micro-Tom and an inbred pure tomato line V62. The mutation caused potato leaf style and high parthenocarpic fruit set ratio (nearly 90%. I read an article recently that said the tomatoes developed at Oregon State by Dr. Bagget (and possibly many heirloom types that have not been studied carefully) could be parthenocarpic, meaning that no fertilization has to take place for fruit to be produced. This of course is one reason (perhaps t..

Abstract. Parthenocarpy is potentially a desirable trait for many commercially grown fruits if undesirable changes to structure, flavour, or nutrition can be a Tomato is an important vegetable worldwide due to the high values of nutrition and economic benefits. In recent years, many new tomato breeding strategies have been developed, in which, parthenocarpy is a primary breeding target because of the potential for seedless fruit production and increased plant adaptability (Gorguet et al. 2005).In addition, seedlessness is also able to improve the. Parthenocarpic fruits can also form because of chromosome imbalances. When a plant is triploid, meaning it has three copies of the genome, the chromosomes will not match up correctly, and so seeds will not be produced. This is what happens with seedless watermelons. These fruits have to be produced anew each time

Parthenocarpic tomato fruits can be produced by

N2 - Parthenocarpy is potentially a desirable trait for many commercially grown fruits if undesirable changes to structure, flavour, or nutrition can be avoided. Parthenocarpic transgenic tomato plants (cv MicroTom) were obtained by the regulation of genes for auxin synthesis (iaaM) or responsiveness (rolB) driven by DefH9 or the INNER NO OUTER. Various tomato cultivars have been identified that produce parthenocarpic fruits owing to mutations in parthenocarpic fruit genes or pat genes [Baggett, J.R., Kean, D., Mansour, N.S. (1997). Siletz parthenocarpic tomato. HortScience 32., 1299-1300]. As well as producing parthenocarpic fruits, the pat mutant also shows certain pleiotropic.

Transgenic lines in which TM29, a tomato MADS-box gene, is down-regulated also produce parthenocarpic fruit. In addition, the flowers of these transgenic lines have an aberrant flower morphology, as the petals and stamens are partially converted to a sepaloid identity ( Ampomah-Dwamena et al. , 2002 ) Fruit set of tomato genotypes grown at 25°C (A-C and J-L) or 15°C (D-F, M-O). In pf1/pf1 plants, parthenocarpic fruits develop under any conditions (C and F). Conditional parthenocarpy occurs in pf1 heterozygous plants only at 15°C (E), yielding fruits similar in size (G and H, right) to pollinated fruits (G and H, left) as in processed fruits (e.g., frozen eggplant, tomato sauce) (Pandolfini, 2009). Seedless fruits can be obtained through parthenocarpy and by stenospermocarpy (seeds abort after et al., 2000). Pollen production activity is very sensitive to temperature in most of the vegetable crops including tomato

Parthenocarpic tomato fruits can be produced by (a

  1. Parthenocarpic fruit development in tomato - A review Benoit Gorguet, Adriaan W. van Heusden, Pim Lindhout Abstract Parthenocarpic fruit development is a very attractive trait for growers and consumers. In tomato, three main sources of facultative parthenocarpy, pat-1, pat-2, pat-3/pat-4, are known to have potential applications in agriculture
  2. Parthenocarpic fruits refer to seedless fruits that are formed asexually without fertilization of the ovules. Banana, grape, and orange are included under parthenocarpy, and they occur naturally. Mango can also be included under parthenocarpic fruit as some new varieties of seedless mango are also produced
  3. Parthenocarpic tomato plants (cultivar Severianin) produce a high yield and fruit set in colder temperatures than seed-ed cultivars. Thus, parthenocarpy is potentially useful for producing vegetables in winter months or to ensure yield stability in case of unfavorable pollination conditions. Many plants (tomato, eggplant and pepper) will.
  4. for higher beta-carotene content in the parthenocarpic fruit [21]. From a nutritional point of view the increased beta-carotene content can be a valuable trait of DefH9-iaaM seedless tomato fruits. Two components of auxin signalling pathway have been identified as negative regulators of fruit set in tomato
  5. Parthenocarpy is potentially a desirable trait for many commercially grown fruits if undesirable changes to structure, flavour, or nutrition can be avoided. Parthenocarpic transgenic tomato plants (cv MicroTom) were obtained by the regulation of genes for auxin synthesis (iaaM) or responsiveness (rolB) driven by DefH9 or the INNER NO OUTER (INO.
  6. This type of fruit can be possibly formed by applying auxin externally if the ovaries fail to develop by any natural cause. At present, parthenocarpic fruits are being produced by the application of dilute hormone sprays to flowers. Now a days, seedless tomatoes, grapes, cucumber etc are produced by the application of auxin. Seedless fruits are.

[SOLVED] Parthenocarpic tomato fruit can be produced by

Parthenocarpic tomato fruits can be produced by - Biology

Parthenocarpic fruits can be produced by application of

MCQ ON PLANT REPRODUCTION by Biology Experts Notes Mediu

Gene regulation in parthenocarpic tomato frui

Growing cucumbers indoors is not difficult but has some unique challenges compared to other fruiting vegetables like tomatoes. Indoor cucumbers will need to be pollinated by hand unless you grow a parthenocarpic cucumber variety which can produce fruit without any pollination. You will need adequate light, at least 14 hours up to 20 hours, with. Tomatoes are among the most popular crops for high tunnel and greenhouse production for many reasons: For one, they will produce earlier and later in the season than field crops. Second, quality is generally much better than field-grown because they are protected from weather-related damage (such as splitting, or diluted flavor from heavy rain), which results in higher marketable yields Parthenocarpic fruit formation can be achieved through the inhibition of SlIAA9, a negative regulator of auxin signalling in tomato plant. To make parthenocarpic transgenic tomato plants. CASE STUDY-4 Genetic engineering of parthenocarpic fruit development in tomato. Rotino et al., 2000. Molecular Breeding., 5: 463-470. Table 6. Number and percentage of fruits set per number of emasculation flowers, average weight and diameters of fruits obtained from selfed and emasculated flowers. 19 Fig. 7. Tomato fruits transgenic for the.

The invention relates to parthenocarpic tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mili.) which are grown from seeds, which are smaller than wild tomatoes and which, when ripe, display a more intense red colour than wild tomatoes. The tomatoes are obtained by cultivating a transgenic tomato plant which produces said parthenocarpic tomatoes and which is obtained using a method consisting in: (a. Parthenocarpy is a trait where fruit set and growth are triggered without pollination and fertilization. In the tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.), this trait is considered attractive as it reduces the cost and labor requirements for fruit setting.In this study, we investigated the inheritance of parthenocarpy in 'MPK-1'—a parthenocarpic tomato cultivar derived from a cross between a. Tomato pollen maturation and fertilization are sensitive to several environmental factors including light, temperature and relative humidity. One of the advantages of growing parthenocarpic tomatoes is that they can set fruit when environmental conditions are undesirable, for example, in the early season when low temperature prevent fertilization Parthenocarpic tomato fruits induced by increased IAA contents in the ovules have similar fruit weights, slightly increased levels of total soluble solids (TSS) compared with those of pollinated.

In contrast, facultative parthenocarpic plants produce seedless fruits only when pollination is prevented by growing conditions (e.g. temperature), or by manual manipulations (e.g. emasculation) or physiological barriers (e.g. self incompatibility) (Ho and Hewitt, 1986). Various parthenocarpic mutants of tomato (pat 2, pa fruits can be produced without seeds, also called parthenocarpy, by natural mutations, environmental factors or hormone treatments 3. In plants, parthenocarpy can be induced by the exogenous hormone auxin and gibberel-lin (GA)4. Three GAs (GA3, GA4, GA7) have been reported to induce the parthenocarpy in Rosaceae specie In transgenic tomato, emasculated flowers produced parthenocarpic fruit , but the percentage of seedless fruit set was lower, and fruit size was smaller than that of pollinated fruit . The limited parthenocarpic capacity of transgenic tomato was probably due to the relatively lower increase in GA 4 in fruits compared with that resulting from.

Early anther ablation triggers parthenocarpic fruit

Oregon 11 (OREGON ELEVEN) very early productive sprawling determinate tomato, 2 red spheres are produced even if there aren't any pollinating insects (therefore sets fruit early), can be seedless, fruit is tart. Developed by James Baggett, OSU. An early development in the parthenocarpic line of tomatoes OSU is known for Introduction That some plants produce fruits without seeds is a fact observed and recorded by the ancients, according to Sturtevant in 1890 is the introductory statement reported in Gustafson's comprehensive work regarding the subject of parthenocarpy (Gustafson, 1942).The reasons for such an interest are soon after explained because seedless fruits were thought to be better and also.

Video: parthenocarpic tomatoes? - Houz

Rapid breeding of parthenocarpic tomato plants using

Some tomato types can set fruit without fertil - ization by the pollen (parthenocarpic fruit). They will be productive even when growing temperatures are too hot or too cold for normal tomato fruit set. A number of cultivars bred by Oregon State University have this trait (designated with a * in tables 2 and 3, page 3). Because they also have th less fruits are highly valued by consumers and, in some fruits, the absence of seeds can increase fruit quality and fruit shelf-life (Pandolfini, 2009). Parthenocarpic fruits have been produced either by traditional breeding methods based on mutant lines or by the exogenous application of growing regulators such as auxins (Auxs) and gib As the WT M82 tomato line develops no seedless fruits, parthenocarpy in Pf1 M82 can also be scored without emasculation, by counting the seedless fruits produced from plants, vibrated or not. Phenotyping under heat and cold stress conditions was performed on at least eight plants per genotype and condition

Parthenocarpic plants can set fruit without pollination

fruit—a characteristic of parthenocarpic tomato. And the segregated next generation (T1) also showed a severe phenotype associated with the homozygous mutated genome. The system developed here could be applied to produce parthenocarpic tomato in a wide variety of cultivars, as well as other majo Flowers can now be fooled into thinking that fertilization has taken place and thereby developing fruit-tissues. In other words, fruits can be induced with the application of gibberellic acid. Parthenocarpy is a delightful abnormality because the seedless fruit maintains the appearance and taste of its normal counterpart. This is the reason why. parthenocarpic fruits. This can be achieved by ectopic application or artificial overproduction of plant hor-mones [1], or by mutating or altering the expression of specific genes. In Arabidopsis,thefruit without fertiliza-tion (fwf) mutant that develops parthenocarpic fruit [2] has a lesion in theAUXIN RESPONSIVE FACTOR 8 (ARF8) gene [3] The quality of DefH9-iaaM tomato fruits is equivalent to that of seeded fruits except for higher beta-carotene content in the parthenocarpic fruit . From a nutritional point of view the increased beta-carotene content can be a valuable trait of DefH9-iaaM seedless tomato fruits

Parthenocarpy - Wikipedi

Several methods have been proven to produce seedless fruits such as triploid tomato (Kaganzur, Mizrahi, Zamir, & Navot, 1991). Recently, the parthenocarpic transgenic tomato was obtained either by the regulation of auxin synthesis (DefH9-RI-iaaM) (Rotino et al., 2005), rolB (Carmi, Salts, Dedicova, Shabtai, & Barg, 2003) o The parthenocarpic fruit (pat) mutant of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) sets seedless fruits and has aberrant anther and ovule development A. Mazzucato, A. Mazzucato Dipartimento di Agrobiologia e Agrochimica, Universita degli Studi della Tuscia, Viterbo, Italy Seedless Fruit Production With Gene Editing. Parthenocarpy (the production of seedless fruit without prior fertilization) occurs in nature whether through a mutation that leads to negative consequences or as a benefit to shield against predators. It can also be exploited by scientists to achieve produce with longer shelf- lives or for practical.

Parthenocarpy: How Do They Make Seedless Fruits and

Besides acting on components of the auxin signaling pathway, parthenocarpic fruit development can be achieved in tomato by increasing the content of IAA in the ovary [34,35,36,37]. Recently, a parthenocarpic eggplant mutant, named pad-1, was shown to accumulate a high level of IAA in the ovaries Fruit set and fruit development in tomato is largely affected by changes in environmental conditions, therefore autonomous fruit set independent of fertilization is a highly desirable trait in tomato. Here, we report the production and characterization of male‐sterile transgenic plants that produce parthenocarpic fruits in two tomato cultivars (Micro‐Tom and Moneymaker). We generated male. A defective pollen-pistil interaction contributes to hamper seed set in the parthenocarpic fruit tomato mutant. Sexual Plant Reproduction. 2003; 16:157-164. Mazzucato A, Taddei AR, Soressi GP. The parthenocarpic fruit (pat) mutant of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) sets seedless fruits and has aberrant anther and ovule development.

Tomato Seed Production: Quick Reference - Organic Seed

Effect of PA Application on Parthenocarpic Growth of Tomato cv Madrigal (MA)/wt and MA/pat-2 Ovaries Unpollinated MA/wt ovaries did not grow (20 d after treatment their average fresh weight was 22 mg versus 16 mg at AN) compared with pollinated ovaries (Table (TableI, I, Experiment I).Application of GA 3 induced fruit set of unpollinated MA/wt ovaries, although the weight of parthenocarpic. Plant materials. A parthenocarpic tomato carrying the pat-2 gene, cultivar Renaissance (Sakata Seed, Yokohama, Japan) that has large fruit and was readily available from commercial sources and a non-parthenocarpic tomato, cultivar Momotaro (Takii Seed, Kyoto, Japan) that also has large fruit were used in the experiments.. Tomato seeds of each cultivar were pregerminated for 3 d at 25 °C under. Click to see full answer. Then, what is called Parthenocarpy? In botany and horticulture, parthenocarpy is the natural or artificially induced production of fruit without fertilisation of ovules, which makes the fruit seedless. However, parthenocarpy of some fruits on a plant may be of value. Also, is pineapple a seedless fruit? It is a seedless 'true fruit' therefore

How Are Seedless Fruits And Vegetables Grown? » Science ABC

Parthenocarpy could be defined as a process by which fruits are produced without the process of fertilisation of ovules. A parthenocarpic fruit is devoid of embryo and endosperm and therefore does not have any seeds. That is why they are also known as seedless or virgin fruits. The process was first introduced in 190 Advantages of Parthenocarpic Fruit • Fruit size, flavor comparable or better than of seeded fruits: • Novelty for consumer - easier to eat, with less waste • Seedless fruits have often higher total soluble contents • Shelf life longer due to reduced ethylene generated by seeds. • More reliable yields under varying climatic condition Parthenocarpy is a desirable trait in Capsicum annuum production because it improves fruit quality and results in a more regular fruit set. Previously, we identified several C. annuum genotypes that already show a certain level of parthenocarpy, and the seedless fruits obtained from these genotypes often contain carpel-like structures. In the Arabidopsis bel1 mutant ovule integuments are. Home gardeners sometimes spray their tomatoes with an auxin to assure fruit production.Some parthenocarpic cultivars have been developed as genetically modified organisms. Some parthenocarpic cultivars are of ancient origin. The oldest known cultivated plant is a parthenocarpic fig first grown at least 11,200 years ago Parthenocarpic tomato fruits can be produced by? (1)raising the plants from vernalized seeds. asked Nov 10, 2019 in Biology by Ranjeet01 (59.0k points) plant growth and development; 0 votes. 1 answer. Find the odd one out: (a) carrot (b) cucumber (c) onion (d) potato (e) tomato

In botany and horticulture, parthenocarpy is the natural or artificially induced production of fruit without fertilisation of ovules, which makes the fruit seedless. Stenospermocarpy may also produce apparently seedless fruit, but the seeds are actually aborted while they are still small.Parthenocarpy (or stenospermocarpy) occasionally occurs as a mutation in nature; if it affects every flower. carpic tomatoes can produce normal fruit under unfavorable conditions for pollination and fertilization. Three parthenocarpic genes, pat, pat-2, and pat3/pat-4, are well known in tomatoes (Gouguet et al., 2005). 'Severianin', a pat-2 parthenocarpic tomato cultivar, can produce normal fruit at high or low temperature (Li Studies on fruit development in tomato. I. Ovule development and content of diffusible auxin in synthetic auxin- and gibberellin-induced parthenocarpic tomato fruits in relation to their development. Mem. Res. Inst. Food Sci., Kyoto Univ. 28, 47-74. Bagget, J. R. and Frazier, W. A. (1978). Oregon T5-4 parthenocarpic tomato line. HortSci. 13, 599

Socrates - (F1) Cucumber Seed | Johnny's Selected SeedsTomato HD Wallpaper | Background Image | 1920x1200 | ID

1. A method of producing a Capsicum annuum variety capable of bearing commercially acceptable seedless fruits stably over several generations by backcrossing, wherein a C. annuum plant of a male sterile variety having a genetically determined parthenocarpic trait is backcrossed with a recurrent C. annuum plant of a fixed homozygous parthenocarpic line which is capable of bearing commercially. parthenocarpic cucumber ranks third on the list of the most impor-tant high-tunnel crops, following to-matoandpepper(Capsicumannuum) (Lamont, 2009). Major types of fresh-consumed parthenocarpic cucumbers include Beit alpha, Dutch greenhouse, Amer-ican slicer, and oriental (Shetty and Wehner, 1998). Fruit characteristic - Parthenocarpic Fruits have many species and cultivars produce fruit that either lack seeds or have no viable seeds. The production of such seedless fruits is known as parthenocarpy and is common for the horticultural varieties of banana, pineapple, cucumber, tomatoes, figs, oranges, grapes, kiwi, blackberry, pepper, etc bags were removed and fruit rated as to whether it was marketable or not. There were major differences as can be seen in Table 1. Table 1. Ability of summer squash to produce fruit without pollination Variety Type Color Total Flowers Bagged % Fruit Set of Bagged Flowers Golden Glory Summer Yellow 10 100 Dunja Zucchini Dark Green 12 8 parthenocarpic fruit (Carmi et al., 2003, Mezzetti et al., 2004). When the auxin-biosynthetic iaaM gene expressed in ovaries and ovules under the control of the placenta- and ovule-specific DefH9 promoter, parthenocarpic fruit in tobacco, eggplant, tomato, strawberry and raspberry was induced (Pandolfini et al., 2002). Auxin is the major induce Parthenocarpic fruits produced by naturally and Artificially. The first oldest known cultivated plant is fig. When plants move from one area to another area of the world may not always be with their pollinating. As a result of parthenocarpy, parthenocarpic fruits are produced which are seedless so they are not a means for the reproduction